Ocean, Biogeochemistry & Climate

Ito Group at Georgia Tech



Ferreira, D., J. Marshall, T. Ito and D. McGee, (in review), Linking glacial-interglacial cycles to multiple equilibria of climate, submitted.

Takano Y., T. Ito and C. Deutsch (in review), Projected oxygen trends and their attribution to distinct ocean climate forcings, Global Biogeochemical Cycles.


Kida, S. and Ito, T. (2017), A Lagrangian View of Spring Phytoplankton Blooms. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/2017JC013383 (journal)

Sun, D., Ito, T., & Bracco, A. (2017). Oceanic uptake of oxygen during deep convection events through diffusive and bubble-mediated gas exchange. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, 15791591. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GB005716 (journal)

Tagklis, F., A. Bracco, and T. Ito, (2017), Physically driven Patchy O2 Changes in the North Atlantic Ocean simulated by the CMIP5 Earth System Models, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31, doi:10.1002/2016GB005617 (journal)

Dittmar T., A. Stubbins, T. Ito and D. C. Jones (2017), Comment on “Dissolved organic sulfur in the ocean: Biogeochemistry of a petagram inventory”, Science 356 (6340), 813., doi: 10.1126/science.aam6039 (journal)

Ito T., S. Minobe, M. Long and C. Deutsch, (2017), The upper ocean oxygen trend: 1958-2015, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL073613 (journal)

Ito T. and O. Wang, (2017), Transit Time Distribution based on the ECCO-JPL Ocean Data Assimilation, Journal of Marine Systems, doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.10.015 (journal)


Iudicone D., K. B. Rodgers, Y. Plancherel, O. Aumont, T. Ito, R. Key, G. Madec and M. Ishii, (2016), The formation of the ocean’s anthropogenic carbon reservoir, Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/srep35473 (journal)

Ito T., (2016), Oceanic teleconnection for carbon dioxide, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 30 (8), 1244-1244, doi: 10.1002/2016GB005461 (journal)

Ito T., A. Nenes, M. Johnson, N. Meskhidze and C. Deutsch, (2016),  Acceleration of oxygen decline in the tropical Pacific over the past decades by aerosol pollutants, Nature Geosciences, doi:10.1038/ngeo2717 (journal)

Lynch-Stieglitz, J., T. Ito, and E. Michel (2016), Antarctic density stratification and the strength of the circumpolar current during the Last Glacial Maximum, Paleoceanography, 31, doi:10.1002/2015PA002915. (journal)

Long M., C. Deutsch and T. Ito, (2016), Finding forced trends in oceanic oxygen, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1002/2015GB005310 (journal).


Jones, D., T. Ito, T. Birner, A. Klocker and D. Munday, (2015), Planetary-geometric constraints on isopycnal slope in the Southern Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-15-0034.1 (journal)

Ito T., A. Bracco and C. Deutsch, (2015), The future of the Southern Ocean carbon storage in CMIP5 models, U.S. CLIVAR Variations, Vol. 13, No. 2, 24-28. (link)

Burd A., S. Frey, A. Cabre, T. Ito, N. M. Levine, C. Lønborg, M. Long, M. Mauritz, R. Q. Thomas, B. M. Stephens, T. Vanwalleghem and N. Zeng, (2015) Terrestrial and Marine Perspectives on Modeling Organic Matter Degradation Pathways, Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12987 (journal)

Ito T., A. Bracco, C. Deutsch, H. Frenzel, M. Long and Y. Takano, (2015), Sustained growth of the Southern Ocean carbon storage in a warming climate, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064320 (journal)


Jones, D.C, T. Ito, Y. Takano and W-C. Hsu, (2014), Spatial and seasonal variability of the air-sea equilibration timescale of carbon dioxide, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 28(11), 1163-1178, DOI: 10.1002/2014GB004813 (journal)

Deutsch, C., W. Berelson, R. Thunell, T. Weber, C. Tems, J. McManus, J. Crusius, T. Ito, T. Baumgartner, V. Ferreira, and J. Mey, A. van Geen, (2014), Centennial changes in North Pacific anoxia linked to tropical trade winds. Science, 345 (6197): 665, 10.1126/science.1252332. (journal)

Takano, Y. T. Ito, C. Deutsch and K. Johnson, (2014),  Interpreting intra-seasonal variability of subsurface tracers observed by a profiling float, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 288-296, doi:10.1002/2013JC009290. (journal)


Ito, T., and M. J. Follows (2013), Air-sea disequilibrium of carbon dioxide enhances the biological carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 27, doi:10.1002/2013GB004682. (journal)

Ito, T., and C. Deutsch (2013), Variability of the oxygen minimum zone in the tropical North Pacific during the late twentieth century, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 27, doi:10.1002/2013GB004567. (journal)


Emerson S., T. Ito and R. Hamme, (2012), Argon supersaturation indicates low decadal-scale vertical mixing in the ocean thermocline, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2012GL053054. (journal)


Ito T., R. Hamme and S. Emerson, (2011), Spatial and temporal variability of noble gas tracers in the North Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 116, C08039, doi:10.1029/2010JC006828. (journal)

Jones D.C., T. Ito and N.S. Lovenduski, (2011), The transient response of the Southern Ocean pycnocline to changing atmospheric winds, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L15604, doi:10.1029/2011GL048145 (journal)

Woloszyn M., M. Mazloff, T. Ito (2011), Development and evaluation of a high resolution Southern Ocean carbon cycle model, Ocean Modeling, 39(1-2), pp. 170-182. (journal)

Deutsch C., H. Brix, T. Ito, H. Frenzel and L. Thompson, (2011), Climate-Forced Variability of Ocean Hypoxia, Science 333 (6040): 336-339 10.1126/science.1202422 JUL 15 2011. (journal)


Ito, T. and C. Deutsch (2010), A conceptual model for the temporal spectrum of oceanic oxygen variability, Geophysical Research Letters, 37, 3, doi:10.1029/2009GL041595. (journal)

Ito, T., M. Woloszyn and M. Mazloff (2010), Anthropogenic carbon dioxide transport in the Southern Ocean driven by Ekman flow, Nature, 463, 80-83. (journal)


Lovenduski N. and T. Ito, (2009), The future of the Southern Ocean CO2 uptake, Journal of Marine Research, 67(5), 597-617. (journal)

Van Roekel L., T. Ito, P. T. Haertel and D. A. Randall (2009), Lagrangian Analysis of the Meridional Overturning Circulation in an Idealized Ocean Basin, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39(9), 2175-2193. (journal)


Ito T. and J.C. Marshall, (2008), Control of lower limb circulation in the Southern Ocean by diapycnal mixing and mesoscale eddy transfer, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38(12), 2832–2845. (journal)


Ito, T., C. Deutsch, S. Emerson and R. Hamme (2007), The impact of diapycnal mixing on the observed argon distribution in the subtropical North Pacific., Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L09602, doi:10.1029/2006GL029209. (journal)


Ito T. and C. Deutsch (2006), Understanding the saturation state of argon in the thermocline: The role of air-sea gas exchange and diapycnal mixing, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 20, GB3019, doi:10.1029/2005GB002655. (journal)

Parekh P., M. J. Follows, S. Dutkiewicz and T. Ito, (2006), Physical and biological regulation of the soft tissue carbon pump, Paleoceanography, 21, PA3001, doi:10.1029/2005PA001258. (journal)

Follows M., T. Ito and S. Dutkiewicz (2006), Solving the carbonate chemistry system in ocean biogeochemistry models, Ocean Modeling. 12 (3-4), 290-301. (journal)

Parekh P., S. Dutkiewicz, M.J. Follows and T. Ito, (2006), Atmospheric carbon dioxide in a less dusty world, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L03610, doi:10.1029/2005GL025098. (journal)


Ito T. and M.J. Follows, (2005), Preformed phosphate, Soft tissue pump, and atmospheric CO2, Journal of Marine Research, 63, 813-139. (journal)

Ito T., P. Parekh, S. Duekiewicz, and M. Follows, (2005), The Antarctic Circumpolar Productivity Belt, Geophysical Research Letters 32, L13604, doi:10.1029/2005GL023021. (journal)


Ito T., M. Follows and E.A. Boyle (2004), Is AOU a good measure of respiration in the oceans?, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L17305, doi:10.1029/2004GL020900. (journal)

Ito T., J.C. Marshall and M.J. Follows, (2004), What controls the uptake of transient tracers in the Southern Ocean?, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18(2), GB2021, doi:10.1029/2003GB002103. (journal)


Ito T. and M.J. Follows, (2003), Upper ocean control on the solubility pump of CO2, Journal of Marine Research, 61(4), 461-489. (journal)


Follows M.J., T. Ito and J. Marotzke, (2002), The wind-driven, subtropical gyres and the solubility pump of CO2, Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 16(4), doi:10.1029/2001GB001786. (journal)

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